The former capital of Japan, famous worldwide for its temples and shrines. Kyoto was the center of politics and culture for 1,200 years.
Kyoto stretches from southeast to northwest in the central and northern Kansai Region (Midwest Japan). It has three geographical features, the saw-toothed coast area around the Maizuru Bay in the northwest, the Tamba Mountains around the center and the Kyoto Basin in the southeast.
Kyoto became the capital of Japan in the 8th century. It had flourished as the center for Japanese politics, economy and culture for some 1,200 years until the capital functions were transferred to Tokyo in the mid 19th century. There remain many temples and shrines that had been built during this long period. Seventeen historic sites including the Kiyomizu-dera Temple and the Nijo-jo Castle are designated as World Cultural Heritage sites.
You may meet Maiko, young dancing entertainers who walk in long hanging sleeved kimono in the Gion, see the townscape characterized with popular 19th century style latticework, and visit the Nishijin where they weave traditional nishijin-ori textiles with vivid colored threads. The festivals are famous not only in Japan but are known worldwide. The three major festivals of Kyoto are Aoi-Matsuri Festival in early summer, Gion-Matsuri Festival in summer and Jidai-Matsuri Festival in autumn. There is also the Okuribi in five hills of Daimonji, where torches shaping a letter or figure are ignited into flames on the night of August 15, in a Buddhist ritual called O-bon or Urabon-e.
京都府位於從近畿地區的中心到北部，呈由東南朝西北伸展的細長形狀，由 3 種地形組成，分別是西北端的環繞著舞鶴灣的裏亞式海岸，中部的丹波山地和東部的京都盆地。
京都在8世紀就成了日本的首都，直到 19 世紀中葉首都遷到東京。在這約 1200 年中，京都作爲日本的政治、經濟和文化中心，得到了繁榮昌盛的發展。因此這裏留下了許多耗費時日建造起來的寺院和神社，其中清水寺、二條城等 17 個歷史遺迹已被列爲世界文化遺産。