Ginza is the downtown area most people associate with Japan. Nihonbashi streets have been lined with stores for generations.
he Ginza is one of the most famous downtowns of Japan located in Chuo-ku. Ginza means a silver mint, and its name derives from establishment of the silver coin mint in the 1600s. On the main street Chuo-dori Avenue that extend southwest from 1-chome(a block) to 8-chome, also known as Ginza-dori Avenue, there are large department stores such as Mitsukoshi, Matsuzakaya and Matsuya and many large-size store buildings dotted around 4-chome in particular, where the street meets the intersection of Harumi-dori Avenue. There is a clock tower cherished by people as the symbol of Ginza placed on the Wako Building built of stone. In the whole area of Ginza, there are more than 400 art galleries, innumberable restaurants and boutiques all competing each other of their styles, and every store boasts the tradition and the its culture unique to Ginza.
The Kabuki-za Theater where the Japanese traditional theatrical art kabuki is played is located to the west of the intersection at 4-chome toward Tsukiji. Recently, many of world famous brand boutiques have opened in Ginza which cast the town as an internationally noted area of top-fashion trend.
Nihonbashi is a bridge over the Nihonbashi-gawa River at the north of Chuo-ku. This bridge was the origin point of the five major streets built and prospered in the Edo Period in the 17th century. It still bears the bronze signpost that bears the words "Origin of Roads in Japan", and it is the reference point for all roads in Japan. For that reason, Nihonbashi prospered as the town of merchants where kimono cloth mercers purveyer to Edo Castle and many merchant families were gathered. Even today, the Nihonbashi area which is adjacent to Ginza, and it is dotted with major department stores and stores with long standing whose history goes well back into the Edo Period.
銀座是位於東京都中央區的日本一個有代表性的繁華街區，17 世紀初葉這裏開設了鑄造銀幣的“銀座”鑄造廠，因而有了這個地名。有 1 丁目到 8 丁目八條街，中央大道是主要道路，與它並行的有“並木大道”、“懸鈴木大道”等，這裏各種店鋪鱗次櫛比，既有歷史悠久的日本百年老店，又有出售世界各國名牌商品的專賣店。歌舞伎座在 4 丁目交差路口西面的築地一側，是上演日本傳統戲劇歌舞伎的地方。
日本橋架在中央區北部日本橋川上，這座大橋是 17 世紀德川江戶時代建成的五條街道的起點，現在還設有“日本國道路元標”的青銅標示物，是日本所有道路的基點地。與銀座相鄰的日本橋一帶，除了大型百貨店以外，還分佈著許多從江戶時代承傳下來的百年老店。1923 年發生關東大地震之前，這裏曾有一個魚産品交易河岸，有著作爲東京食品來源的市場而繁榮的一段歷史。